Sheet Metal Fabrication Explained

Sheet Metal Fabrication refers to the processes of bending and forming of sheet metal techniques. The sheets can accommodate a variety of complex shapes and hollow sections, and the equipment used for these processes ranges from simple hand tools to sophisticated automatic electrical machines. The processing of the sheet generally begins with a preliminary operation such as cutting, punching, dividing, etc. This sheet metal fabrication explained in this article covers several operations as discussed.

The operations related to the fabrication of the sheet are varied and complex, go here to learn more. Each phase of the operation carries out a specific task and also produces a precise chemical and physical change of the metal. The finished product can be iron, steel, aluminum, copper or a combination of different metals and alloys. Skilled artisans perform a series of operations that produce a finished product that can truly be a work of art.

Each operation is carried out in accordance with the plans prepared by the engineers and designers, according to the projects and specifications of the client.

Modern equipment uses CNC. The CNC allows the machine operator to enter the dimensions of a part in a computer that controls the stops and tools of the machine used by the operator. The CNC reduces waste, prevents errors and makes production faster and more efficient. Many modern CNC machines are designed to allow multiple operations on a single machine. CNC machines can cut, drill, cut, burn and weld most metals.

Extremely complex and detailed drawings can be made with the CNC. CNC engraving operations can produce a complexity of models that resemble laces.

The production operations are essentially the same and follow the same sequence regardless of the metal produced.

The operations involved are:

Cut the metal in a specific length and width. The stop is defined by CNC control over a specific length for each dimension. This operation is the most painful of all operations and may require additional equipment such as magnets to allow the operator to move the part.

Punching and cutting: using punches, dies, and burns, place holes of specific sizes in specific locations on the flat sheet. Many numerical control devices can load up to twenty-four different punches in an operational configuration. This allows the operator to produce more parts in less time. Some pieces are so small that they have to be printed by hand in an iron fist. For different perforations on the same side, a punching machine is used.

Braking: bend the flat metal piece into specific points to form a shape defined by the design. The CNC team moves the stops to the correct size and asks the operator to use the drill bar and the appropriate matrix.

Welding: joining of metal parts with electric welding wire, rods, and other methods.

Painting: cleaning, printing and painting the room. This involves cleaning the metal with a solvent, pre-coating the metal in a chemical bath that prepares the metal to be painted, spraying the paint on the part and hardening the piece in a forced air oven.

Sheet metal fabrication refers to a complex set of operations that produce a part of everything people use every day. Cars, houses, airplanes, kitchen equipment, sports vehicles, and toys are just some of the products that use this fabrication method.

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